Provide a scenario of legal negligence and explain which
elements of negligence are factors in the scenario.
Provide a scenario of legal negligence and explain which
Question 442 pts
Gary, a minor, signs a contract to buy a car by misrepresenting
his age to be twenty-one. Regardless of what state he lives in,
Group of answer choices
none of these.
disaffirm the contract.
disaffirm the contract only if he returns the car in its
original new condition.
not disaffirm the contract
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Question 452 pts
Joe, a minor, is living at home with his parents, but signs a
lease with a landlord to rent an apartment. Joe can;
Group of answer choices
disaffirm the contract
not disaffirm the contract because the apartment is a
not disaffirm the contract because he indicated an intent to
live on his own
disaffirm the contract because his parents can be held liable
for the lease.
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Question 462 pts
While totally intoxicated, Steve agrees to a contract to sell
his restaurant to Beth. This contract is potentially voidable.
Group of answer choices
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Question 472 pts
Max purchases a motorcycle while still a minor and continues to
maintain it and operate it for six months after reaching majority.
Most courts would consider this action an implied ratification.
Group of answer choices
Should Wal-Mart replicate its domestic model in its original
form in China? Why? Can it build the same competitive advantage in
China through its successful domestic model?
Provide suggestions on potential strategies that Wal-Mart China
should consider in going forward.
The Brady & Matthew Camera Company has just come out with their newest professional quality digital camera, the ToughPix1. The company is selling this camera only through its new mobile app at a profit of $279 per camera. This purchase comes with a guarantee that, barring gross negligence, if the camera breaks in the first two years after purchase, Brady & Matthew will replace it free of charge. Replacing a camera in this way costs the company $3100. Suppose for each Toughpix1 there is a 5% chance that it will need to be replaced exactly once, a 2% chance that it will need to be replaced exactly twice, and a 93% chance that it will not need to be replaced. If Brady & Matthew knows that it will sell many of these cameras, should it expect to make or lose money from selling them? How much? To answer, take into account the profit earned on each camera and the expected value of the cost of replacements of the camera. Brady & Matthew can expect to make money from selling these cameras. In the long run, they should expect to make dollars on each camera sold. Brady & Matthew can expect to lose money from selling these cameras. In the long run, they should expect to lose dollars on each camera sold. Brady & Matthew should expect to neither make nor lose money from selling these cameras.
Examine the AHIMA strategic plan and professional competencies
to maintain relevancy as an HIM professional
Develop a 5-year career development plan
Complete an AHIMA professional inventory for an HIM professional
and develop a career plan based on individual career needs. The
AHIMA professional development inventory can be accessed via the
link in figure 10.3 and the career plan template is provided as
Mary Beth Jones, RHIA, is an HIM director at a small rural
community healthcare facility. She has been in the HIM field for
approximately 15 years and realizes that even though her facility
is pretty progressive for its size and location, she may not be
keeping pace with the type of skills that are required for the
future HIM workforce. Her husband may be transferred within the
year to a more suburban city in another state that has a lot of
opportunities for an HIM professional. Mary Beth is worried that
she may not be as marketable as some of her peers. She has talked
with one of the faculty members from where she attained her
bachelor’s degree and this individual recommended that Mary Beth
use the AHIMA competency assessment tool to assess her gaps in her
knowledge. The faculty member also suggested that Mary Beth
consider attaining a master’s degree in health informatics or
Mary Beth’s current skill set is as follows:
Her first position was as cancer registrar. She was a certified
registrar for three years.
Her second position was coding at a large physician practice
for one and a half years.
Her third position was the supervisor of the outpatient coding
area, which included physician billing, outpatient surgery and
observation coding, and all clinical coding. She was in this
position for four years.
She did not work for one and a half years after the birth of
her third child.
She was promoted to director of HIM five years ago. The
projects she has completed include:
While on the project team for implementation of an ambulatory
EHR, she helped the design team with the build for the inpatient
EHR that will go-live in six months
She outsourced medical transcription
She developed a coding workforce that works remotely
She was an AHIMA-approved ICD-10 trainer and she performed, in
conjunction with the coding manager, all the coding training in
preparation for ICD-10
She has not done much with reporting or data analytics and
relies heavily on her data quality manager to run most of these
Her healthcare organization has not embraced information
Mary Beth is willing to do what it takes to get her learning on
target with the HIM workforce.
Mary Beth will be moving in the next year and she may need
additional skills prior to obtaining another job as outlined by her
Mary Beth wants to remain in management and she would like to
be the assistant director or director at a large urban or suburban
Create a five-year career plan for Mary Beth using the template
provided. Include three strategic goals that Mary Beth should work
on within her current facility to demonstrate relevancy in the HIM
profession and for each of these strategic goals identify three
operational goals similar to those in table 10.4.
Identify two internal forces impacting HIM (table 10.2) and
provide two resources from the AHIMA Body of Knowledge that Mary
Beth can consult to gain additional knowledge.
Identify two external forces impacting HIM (table 10.2) and
provide two resources from the AHIMA Body of Knowledge that Mary
Beth can consult to gain additional knowledge.
Create two personal goals for Mary Beth in regards to long-term
Career Plan Template
Internal forces impacting HIM
External forces impacting HIM
Identify and calculate the duration of all possible paths on the
network diagram and list the critical part
What are the benefits of Teleworking during COVID-19?
E-Education is a new start-up organization that develops and
markets MBA courses that are offered over the Internet. The company
is currently located in Chicago and employs 150 people. Due to the
strong growth, the company needs additional office space at this
moment. There are three options that the company can consider and
select one of them: • Option 1: Move the entire operation to a
small Midwest town immediately. • Option 2: Lease a new building
elsewhere in Chicago immediately. • Option 3: Lease a new space at
its current building in Chicago for the next two years. After that,
the company will consider either moving to the small Midwest town
or leasing a new building elsewhere in Chicago. The following are
the additional facts and assumptions that the company needs to
consider before making the final decision: • Moving the entire
operation to a Midwest town would cost $1 million. Leasing space
would run only $500,000 per year. • Moving to a new building in
Chicago would cost $220,000. Leasing the new building’s space would
cost $650,000 per year. • Leasing the new space at the current
building in Chicago for the next two years would cost $750,000 per
year. • The company has a 75% chance of survival after the next two
years wherever it is located. If not, the company is out of
business after the next two years. Note that you don’t need to
consider whether the company will still survive or not after six
months, one year, or any other period. You just stick to this
assumption. • If the company survives after the next two years,
whatever which above option will be chosen, the company will stick
to the plan of the chosen option for three more years before the
company constructs its own building. • Assume all other costs and
revenues are the same no matter where the company is located.
Complete the following tasks:
(1) Construct a decision tree to capture the above scenario.
Note that your tree should include the following considerations
if any. • We use the negative sign (-) for the cost, the expenses,
cash outflow, etc. • We use the positive sign (+) for the revenue,
profit, cash inflow, etc. • Your tree will be able to generate the
Cumulative Chart that includes the curves of all the possible
(2) Write down the number of Decision Strategies that you can
find from your tree.
(3) Write down the expected cost for each Decision Strategy.
(4) Generate the risk profile for the decision tree. The risk
profile only includes the Cumulative Chart.
(5) Explain which optimal decision strategy should be chosen
based upon the results from (3)and(4). (2 Points) (6) ) Is there a
strategy that dominates another one
(7) Analyze the sensitivity of the decision model to the
important parameters (One-way sensitivity analysis: tornado graph
and strategy region). In particular, you are supposed to consider
(i) leasing cost for the new space at the current building in
Chicago, (ii) leasing cost for moving the entire operation to a
small Midwest town, (iii) leasing cost for a new building elsewhere
in Chicago. And, discuss the results of the analysis (± 30% change
with 10 steps for all the parameters).
(8) Conduct a two-way sensitivity analysis considering these two
parameters: (i) leasing cost for a new building elsewhere in
Chicago, and (ii) leasing cost for moving the entire operation to a
small Midwest town (± 30% change with 10 steps for these two
parameters). And, discuss the results based on the “strategy region
500 English Sentences
LEWICKI ▪ BARRY ▪ SAUNDERS
Confidential Role Information for Mr. Honda
Six months ago, you were transferred from Naka High School to Nishi
High, where you took over the position of head of English. You are
originally from Osaka and have been teaching English for more than
22 years. Your department hires several foreign teachers
specifically to teach the advanced classes and help the senior
students prepare for the English portion of the rigorous university
entrance examinations. One of the current foreign teachers on your
staff, Scott from the United States, has been working at your
school for the past six months. You believe that you have a good
relationship with Scott since you have known and worked with him at
your previous high school.
You are very proud of Scott and think that he is coming along fine
as your protégé. You see yourself as a mentor, not only to Scott,
but to all of the junior English teachers in your department. Like
any good Japanese manager, you see it as your role to protect and
guide your subordinates, not only on the job, but also in life. You
advise them on everything from good lesson planning and teaching
methods, to appropriate marrying times. In your opinion, good
employees are those who listen to their mentors and act on their
advice and not act independently, since they are too inexperienced
to know any better. Scott’s conduct and teaching ability are making
you as his supervisor very proud. Scott also conducted a very
impressive teaching demonstration at your school during a teachers’
conference which brought high commendations to your school from the
Board of Education and the other schools in attendance.
Your English department uses, among others, a textbook called 500
English Sentences which was written several years ago by senior
members of your English staff who have since moved on to higher
positions at the Board of Education. The book went on to become a
standard and has been adopted by nearly every high school in the
prefecture. Your school is very proud of this achievement and you
feel deeply honored to be working at Nishi, the school which
produced such distinguished authors.
The publisher of the book has decided to revise 500 English
Sentences since it has been several years since the text was first
published. Nishi High School has been chosen to do this task, which
you consider to be another great honor, because they feel that you
continue to have an excellent English department. You use the text
in your classes and feel that the book is flawless. You imagine
that only a few minor changes will be needed, at most a morning of
your time, so you put the manuscript into your “To Do” basket on
One day, while going through some papers on your desk, you come
across the manuscript and realize that you had almost forgotten
about it. You check the date when the manuscript is due back at the
publisher and discover that it is only 10 days away. You decide to
ask Scott to look over the manuscript for you since he is a native
English speaker and has studied English literature at a university
in the United States. You feel that he should be able to look
through the book in a couple of hours since there are not many
changes that need to be made.
Scott does not appear too happy when you ask him to do this favor
for the school. Instead of
listening and accepting responsibility like a good kohai
(subordinate), he tells you that the publisher is being
unreasonable by insisting that a whole manuscript be edited within
10 days. You think Scott’s accusation is out of line but you
explain that the publisher is not at fault and that you have known
about the project for the past six months. You decide that this is
further proof that foreigners are simply argumentative and are not
always eager to help out. To your satisfaction, Scott agrees to
look over the manuscript.
You don’t see anything from Scott by the end of the day but aren’t
too concerned since you told him when the deadline was. After a
couple of days, you begin to worry and wonder why Scott hasn’t
returned the manuscript. You hope that he has not forgotten about
the project. On the fifth day, Scott comes to you with the
manuscript so covered with red ink that it looks like he has
rewritten the entire work. You thank him for his efforts and take
You cannot believe that Scott found so many errors. You look over
his work and discover much to your embarrassment that, indeed, most
of his changes are justified. You know that the publisher wants to
update the book so the changes that can be attributed to the
evolving usage of the language pose no problem. However, most of
the changes are simply corrections of errors on the part of the
original authors. You realize that if you make all of these
changes, it will result in a great loss of face for the authors who
are currently high level members of the board of education. You
have no intention of making these senior men look bad nor do you
want to risk other people thinking that your school’s teachers are
Two days later you return to Scott and tell him that perhaps you
will not be able to use all of his corrections. Scott appears very
agitated and upset and demands to know why. You explain that
perhaps it will be a problem for the publisher if he has to change
so much at such a late date. You don’t anticipate any argument from
Scott on this issue since you believe he is a team player and will
The next day, you go over to Scott’s desk and ask him to sign an
endorsement which will go in the inside cover of the “revised” 500
English Sentences. The first edition is also endorsed by a Native
English Speaker and the Board of Education has asked you get have
Scott sign it because they feel that his signature will add
legitimacy to the book.
To your complete surprise, Scott flatly refuses to sign the
endorsement. If he doesn’t sign there will be a great loss of face
for your school. The original authors of the text will be insulted
and will probably lose face since people will speculate as to why
Scott didn’t endorse the book. You will probably be passed up on
the promotions in the spring, if not demoted. You hope that you can
convince Scott to endorse the text.
hings that would be in your plan are the following: BATNA,
Aspiration Price, list of interests, Reservation Price, and your
first offer price and last offer
Nicomachean Ethics is a philosophical inquiry into the nature of
the good life for a human being. Aristotle begins the work by
positing that there exists some ultimate good toward which, in the
final analysis, all human actions ultimately aim. The necessary
characteristics of the ultimate good are that it is complete,
final, self-sufficient and continuous. This good toward which all
human actions implicity or explicitly aim is happinessin Greek,
“eudaimonia,” which can also be translated as blessedness or living
well, and which is not a static state of being but a type of
activity. To discover the nature of human happiness it is necessary
to determine what the function of a human being is, for a person’s
happiness will consist in fulfilling the natural function toward
which his being is directed. This natural function must be
something which is specific to human beings, which is essential to
being human. A person is primarily his intellect. While the
spirited and desiring parts of the soul are also important, the
rational part of the soul is what one can most properly consider a
person’s identity. The activity which only human beings can perform
is intellectual; it is activity of the highest part of the soul
(the rational part) according to reason. Human happiness,
therefore, consists in activity of the soul according to reason. In
practical terms, this activity is expressed through ethical virtue,
when a person directs his actions according to reason. The very
highest human life, however, consists in contemplation of the
greatest goods. More will be said later on this topic, which is the
culmination of the Ethics.
Ethical virtue “is a habit disposed toward action by deliberate
choice, being at the mean relative to us, and defined by reason as
a prudent man would define it.” Each of the elements of this
definition is important. Virtue is not simply an isolated action
but a habit of acting well. For an action to be virtuous a person
must do it deliberately, knowing what he is doing, and doing it
because it is a noble action. In each specific situation, the
virtuous action is a mean between two extremes. Finally, prudence
is necessary for ethical virtue because it is the intellectual
virtue by which a person is able to determine the mean specific to
each situation. Before going into a discussion of the individual
virtues it is necessary to clarify what it means for an action to
be voluntary, since only voluntary actions can be virtuous. For an
action to be involuntary, there must be some external principle
causing the action and the person must not contribute anything to
the action. An action done through fear is only partially
voluntary, and an action done through ignorance may have different
degrees of voluntariness, depending on whether or not the person
would have wanted to do it if he had known what he was doing. A
proper intention is necessary for virtuous action. Intention is not
a desire, a wish or an opinion. It is something previously
deliberated upon, and is formed with reason or thought. One can
only intend something which one has the power to do.
The first virtue discussed is bravery. It is a mean between
rashness and cowardice. A brave man is one who faces and fears what
he should for the right reason, in the right manner and at the
right time. A brave man performs his actions for the sake of what
is noble. A brave man is thus one who is fearless in facing a noble
The next virtue is temperance. It is a mean with regard to
bodily pleasures. The intemperate man desires pleasurable things
and chooses them because they are pleasurable; he is pained when he
fails to get what he desires. A temperate man is moderately
disposed with regard to pleasures and pains. He loves such
pleasures as right reason dictates. Temperance keeps the desiring
part of the soul in harmony with reason.
Generosity is the third virtue which Aristotle examines. With
regard to property, generosity is a mean between wastefulness and
stinginess. A generous man will give to the right person, the right
amounts and at the right times. He will also take proper care of
his possessions. Generosity does not depend on the quantity of the
giving but on the habit of the giver, which takes into account the
amount which the giver himself has and is able to give away.
The next virtue is munificence, which consists giving large
amounts for suitable occasions. The deficiency of this virtue is
called meanness and the excess is ostentation. A munificent man
spends gladly and lavishly, not calculating costs, but always for a
Magnanimity, the fifth virtue Aristotle discusses, is one of the
peaks of virtue. A magnanimous man claims and deserves great
honors. Someone who deserves honors but doesn’t claim them is
low-minded, and someone who claims honors but doesn’t deserve them
is vain. It is better to be vain than low-minded, because vanity
will be naturally corrected by life experience. A magnanimous man
is great in each of the virtues, and is a sort of ornament of
virtues because he shows how good a virtuous life is.
The next virtue concerns honor, specifically small and medium
honors. It is a mean between too much and too little ambition which
can be described as right ambition.
The virtue that is a mean with respect to anger is good temper.
The excesses are irascibility or bitterness. If one is irascible he
gets angry quickly and retaliates but then forgets about it.
Someone who is bitter holds anger for a long time. A good tempered
man is one who becomes angry on the right occasions, with the right
people, at the right time and for the right length of time.
The next three virtues are friendliness, the mean between
flattery or obsequiousness and quarrelsomeness; truthfulness, the
mean between boastfulness and self-depreciation, and wit, the mean
with regard to humor and amusement. Wit entails saying the right
things in the right manner and also listening to things
The last virtue, which unites and orders all of the other
virtues, is justice. Justice can also be considered in a more
specific sense, as one of the virtues. Both justice in the specific
sense and justice as the whole of virtue are defined in relation to
other people, but justice in the specific sense is concerned with
honor, property, safety and similar things, while justice in the
larger sense is concerned with virtue as a whole. Another subset of
justice is distributive justice. Justice (in the narrow sense) is a
mean between two extremes of unfairness. What is just in
distribution should be in some way according to merit, but not all
agree what that merit should be. Advocates of mob rule say that
this merit is freedom, oligarchs say that it is wealth, others say
that it is good ancestry and aristocrats say that is virtue.
Natural justice is that which is just in all times and places.
Conventional justice is that which is made up of laws and customs.
All laws are to some extent just because any law is better than no
law, but are always at least slightly flawed in that they must be
formulated universally and cannot take into account all specific
circumstances. As a result, a judge should rule in accordance with
the intention of the lawmaker or the idea behind the law when the
law does not seem to properly fit the situation.
Prudence is the intellectual virtue of practical reason. It is
concerned with human actions and gives a person the ability to
choose what the virtuous mean is in specific situations. Acquiring
prudence requires time and experience. Prudence and ethical virtue
are both necessary for one another.
Continence and incontinence are concerned with bodily pleasures
just like temperance and intemperance, but are distinct from them.
The incontinent man is disposed to do what he knows is bad because
of his passions. The continent man knows that his desires are bad
but does not follow them because of reason. The difference between
continence and temperance lies in the fact that for a temperate man
his desires are in line with his reason.
Friendship is a necessary part of the good life. There are three
types of friendship: friendship based on usefulness, friendship
based on pleasure and friendship based on virtue. Only the last
type is genuine friendship. Friendships based on usefulness and
pleasure tend not to be very enduring, since they only last as the
long as each party derives the usefulness or pleasure he desires
from the relationship. Friendship based on virtue is based on
wishing the good for the other person. This genuine friendship is
necessary for self-knowledge and helps both of the friends to grow
in virtue. Friendship presupposes justice and goes beyond it. The
virtue of a friend is to love. The relationship one has with a
friend is like the harmonious relationship between the different
parts of the soul of a virtuous man.
In spite of what many philosophers may say, pleasure is a good.
It perfects actions. The goodness of pleasure is determined by the
goodness of the action which it accompanies. The highest good,
happiness, must also involve pleasure.
Man’s highest action and most complete happiness is a life of
contemplation of the highest goods. Man’s intellectual capacity is
his highest capacity, and therefore his highest happiness resides
in the use of that capacity. The life of contemplation is so
sublime that it is practically divine, and man can achieve it only
insofar as there is something divine in him. Contemplation is the
action which best fulfills all the qualifications that the ultimate
good should have, because it is the most continuous, complete and
self-sufficient of all actions.
For most people, mere exhortation will not be enough to make
them act virtuously. Consequently, good laws are necessary in order
to make people virtuous. Laws and proper education are necessarily
especially for the young, in order to train their passions and
desires to be in accord with reason. Yet since such a great number
of men are not virtuous, laws are necessary not just for the young,
but for everyone.
Reading Questions for Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics
Part 1 BK I,
1. How is Aristotle’s account of the good different from Plato’s
account of the Form of Goodness?
2. What is “the good” for human beings? Does Aristotle think
happiness is the same thing as pleasure?
3. Why do we want to be happy? Does happiness serve some other
4. Happiness involves doing what a thing does better than
anything else. What is unique to human beings, which they do better
than anything else? Why does Aristotle rule out simply living and
having sense perception?
Aristotle: Question Part 2 Book 2
8. How do we become virtuous? Are virtues given to us by nature?
How are the virtues like the “arts”?
9. There seems to be something paradoxical about acquiring a
virtue. What objection to his account of acquiring virtue does
Aristotle consider? And how does he refute that objection?
10. What kind of a characteristic is a virtue?
11. What does Aristotle mean when he defines a virtue as a
median between an excess and a deficiency?
12. Courage is a virtue. What are the excess and deficiency
associated with it? Self-control is a virtue. What are the excess
and deficiency associated with it? Generosity is a virtue. What are
the excess and deficiency associated with it?